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Marine aquarium and its features



Keeping exotic marine fish in home aquariums began a long time ago. Of course, watching them play is very interesting, but you also need to be able to look after them correctly. Saltwater aquariums are very versatile, with unique fish and unusual algae and reefs that you will never see in a freshwater aquarium. Based on the complexity of the content, marine aquariums are divided into several categories, which differ in the composition of the inhabitants, design and equipment. The simplest and most affordable marine aquarium is a fishmonger for small individuals: clowns, chrysipters, dascyllas, thalassom, abedufduf, peacefully existing with each other. Rybnik with large predators (lionfish, grouper, squirrel, triggerfish, moray eels, crawfish) and a mixed marine aquarium are more difficult to maintain. The most sophisticated but aesthetically unique aquarium is the reef aquarium. It is home to various invertebrates and living corals; large fish are usually not settled here, since they eat small invertebrates and pollute the water very much. The best inhabitants of the marine aquarium are small bright fish that live wonderfully among corals in their natural environment.

Marine aquarium decoration

The underwater world of a marine aquarium can be very diverse. The picture of a natural reef is recreated by the so-called living stones - fragments of real sea corals, in which various bacteria, microorganisms, shrimps, worms and other living creatures very useful for the biosystem live. The hallmark of a good marine aquarium is the presence of calcium purple algae on the surface of the water. Marine substrate (coral chips and coral sand) is an integral part of a marine aquarium. It provides reef dwellers with the stable environment they need. In fishermen, volcanic tuff and quartz soil are used as soil. Mixed aquariums use Kenyan stone.


Forms of marine aquariums

Today there is a wide variety of aquarium shapes. Rectangular aquariums are considered traditional. Also quite popular are parallelepipeds with a concave or convex front wall and corner aquariums with triangular or arc glazing, which will be indispensable in small spaces. Oval aquariums, cylinder aquariums and wavy glass aquariums are common. Such glass allows you to get the most incredible and non-standard models of aquariums, however, acrylic glass is not suitable for the manufacture of marine aquariums: under the influence of salt water and algae, growths form on the walls of such an aquarium, after removing them, scratches remain on the aquarium with an ordinary scraper.


Location of the marine aquarium

The marine aquarium can be installed in any room except the sauna. When choosing a place for it, it must be borne in mind that direct sunlight contributes to the rapid overgrowth of the aquarium with algae. The optimum water temperature in a marine aquarium should be no higher than 240, while the aquarium itself should be located as far as possible from heating appliances. It is also undesirable for sea inhabitants to be near sources of loud sounds. A marine aquarium is installed at eye level of its beholder: large fish look better from a distance of 3-4 meters, and small ones - from 1-2 meters. Choosing the right shape and size of the model, depending on the purpose of the purchase of the aquarium, promotes either relaxation or to stimulate the imagination.


Inhabitants of the marine aquarium

To maintain balance in a marine aquarium, aquarists are advised to carefully select the species composition of its inhabitants. So many species of fish are aggressive even towards representatives of their genus (for example, angels). Therefore, most often they are acquired from several genera and families by one individual. Large fish are not lodged with small ones in order to avoid the latter turning into live food. Also, when choosing inhabitants for a mixed marine aquarium, it is imperative to take into account the connections that have developed in the process of evolution. So, for example, clown fish live wonderfully together with anemones: the fish feel safe among the poisonous tentacles of the anemone, and that in turn feeds on the remains of their food. When installing a marine aquarium, it is very important to monitor the quality of the water and the condition of the living creatures in it, regularly change the water, clean the walls and keep the aquarium and equipment in working order.

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